Scientific instruments

The collection of 2000 objects covers most fields of science: astronomy, geodesy, navigation, physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, measuring of distance and weight. The core part of this collection are the instruments once used in various University offices, among them the first Chair of Physics founded in 1778, and the Astronomical Observatory (1792), the first Department of Chemistry (1782), and others. Among the most valuable objects are astronomical instruments from the 11th  to 19th century, globes (16th - 19th c.), chemical vessels from the end of the 18th century, and a set of cryogenic instruments (2nd half of the 19th c.).